|City Population (2011)||93,650 (54th)|
|Population Density||1,292.3/km2 (3,347/sq mi)|
|Metro Population (2011)||135,501 (30th)|
|Population Density||126.3/km2 (327/sq mi)|
|Land Area||72.47 km2 (27.98 sq mi)|
|Metro Area||1,073.11 km2 (414.33 sq mi)|
|Elevation||248 m (814 ft)|
|Postal code||N0E, N3L|
|Area code(s)||519 and 226|
Brantford is named after Joseph Brant, an important Mohawk chief during the American Revolutionary War and later, who led his people in their first decades in Upper Canada. Many of his and other First Nations citizens live on the neighbouring reserve of Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation, the most populous reserve in Ontario.
The electric telephone was invented here, leading to the establishment of Canada’s first telephone factory here in the 1870s. Brantford developed as an important Canadian industrial centre for the first half of the 20th century, and it was once the third-ranked Canadian city in terms of cash-value of manufactured goods exported.
The city developed at the deepest navigable point of the Grand River. Because of existing networks, it became a railroad hub of Southern Ontario. The combination of water and rail helped Brantford develop from a farming community into an industrial city with many blue-collar jobs, based on the agriculture implement industry. Major companies included Massey-Harris, Verity Plow, and the Cockshutt Plow Company. This industry, more than any other, provided the well-paying and steady employment that allowed Brantford to sustain economic growth through most of the 20th century.